Test contribution

The only way to ensure that the implemented code is working and will always do, is to develop validation tests. This page will present how to develop tests for PYLEECAN.

We invite everyone contributing to the project to systematically add tests to all their contributions if possible.

Test development guidelines

The python test package was initially based on unittest, but we decided to switch to pytest package for its ease of use. As pytest supports unittest, we still have some unittest for the moment but every new test should use pytest. To test a code, it is recommended to develop its specific test code for each method and each class.

Install pytest

To install pytest, one can use the following command:

python -m pip install -U pytest

Class tests

PYLEECAN classes are generated automatically, all the classes are built in the same way. This fact enables us to test all the classes with one test file which you can find in Tests/Classes. So you won39t need to develop tests for the class itself but you will have to develop the tests for the methods defined in the Class Creation.

All the methods tests are gathered in Tests/Methods/\<subfolder62 with Subfolder the type of the class (Geometry, Machine, Slot, etc.).

Validation tests

A validation test is a test running one or several simulations composed of one or several modules to compare pyleecan results with other software or publication results. The source of the comparison data must be clearly referenced in the header of the file. A validation test can also compare several way of computing the same quantity in pyleecan (with/without symmetry, with different model…).

The machine and material for validation tests must be added in pyleecan/Data. They are the reference machine and material that are available as template in the GUI. When adding a new validation case, if possible, use an existing validation machine/material. The more a machine is used by different validation cases, the more the results can be trusted.

A validation test must call the run method of Simulation objects and compare (if possible) the resulting output with the out_list parameter of the Output post-processing.

How to write a test with pytest

With pytest, a test is a function located in file starting with “test_” or ending with “test”. Test function name has to begin with “test”.

Here is a basic example of test:

import pytest 

def test_upper():
    assert 'foo'.upper() == 'FOO'

def test_isupper():
    assert 'FOO'.isupper() 
    assert 'Foo'.isupper() == False

def test_split(self):
    s = 'hello world'
    assert s.split() == ['hello', 'world']

    # check that s.split fails when the separator is not a string
    with pytest.raises(TypeError):

How to run the tests

To run the tests, you need to open a terminal, go into the folder which contains PYLEECAN and execute the command: :

python -m pytest

How to mark a test

Pytest enables to set metadata on the test functions with markers. This feature enables to easily exclude or include some tests from the test execution. Here is the list of some of the current markers used in PYLEECAN:

  • validation : validation test, executes a workflow to check the results validity

  • long : test that last more than 30 seconds

  • FEMM : test using FEMM

  • GMSH : test using GMSH

  • DEAP : test using DEAP

The complete list is available in the file pyleecan/pytest.ini

The following command is an example to execute only validations test that don39t use FEMM: :

python -m pytest -m "validation and not FEMM"

To mark a test, you just need to add it a decorator:

import pytest 

def test_upper():
    assert 'foo'.upper() == 'FOO'

It is also possible to set several markers to a test:

import pytest 

def test_lower():
    assert 'FOO'.lower() == 'foo'

Parametrizing test

Pytest enables to go much further and test more cases on a single test by running a test with different input data. To do so, you just need to use the parametrize marker. This marker has two arguments:

  • a tuple containing the test parameters names

  • a list containing tuples, each tuple contains the input data for one test run

One can also add markers to a specific input. In the following example we use the xfail marker to specify that the test is supposed to fail with (1, 0) in input:

    ("n", "expected"),
        (1, 2),
        (4, 5),
        pytest.param(1, 0, marks=pytest.mark.xfail), # <-- The test is supposed to fail with this data
def test_increment(n, expected):
    assert n + 1 == expected

Which tests to develop

An easy way to find a PYLEECAN part that needs to be tested is to use pytest-cov. This pytest extension enables to see which lines in the code are not executed by the existing tests. It can be installed with this command:

python -m pip install -U pytest-cov

To run tests with coverage, use the following command:

python -m pytest --cov --cov-report=html:report_folder

The report is located in report_folder. Then open the index.html file:


Within the report, you will see which files and which code lines are not covered and find what to test next.


For example the Arc3 method discretize is not covered at 100%, there are some lines not covered as line 40 and 42 colored in pink


In this case, there is no test to check that the discretization can handle strange arguments.